Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール), created by Akira Toriyama in 1984, is an internationally popular teen and young adult media franchise, though it is also popular among younger children. It consists primarily of one manga series, four anime series, seventeen animated feature films, an unofficial live-action Chinese feature film as well as an American live-action film, a collectible card game, a large number of video games (still being produced), collectible products, and action figures. Dragon Ball has an extensive online fanbase and is consistently one of the most frequently searched-for terms on Google, Yahoo!, and Lycos.
The story of Dragon Ball got some of its inspiration and several characters from the Chinese folk novel Journey to the West, though it diverges from the novel very quickly. It follows the adventures of its lead character, Son Goku (based on the Monkey King of the folk legend, Sun Wukong) from his childhood through adulthood. The story includes both action and comedy elements, though the series became more action-oriented over time.
Before Dragon BallEdit
Main article: Dragon Boy
Just prior to ending a successful six-year run on his humor manga, Dr. Slump, in the Weekly Shonen Jump anthology magazine, Akira Toriyama started toying with the ideas that he would later apply into the Dragon Ball manga. In 1983, he wrote two issues of Dragon Boy manga for the Fresh Jump anthology magazine. This story, left unfinished, merged in the comic style of Dr. Slump with an action-oriented plot. It includes many elements which would be reused in the later series, including a very different kind of Dragon Ball. Also in 1983, he published (but also did not finish) The Adventures of Tongpoo, a science fiction manga also featuring a Goku-like character and plot elements (such as Hoi Poi Capsules) which he would reuse later.
Dragon Ball mangaEdit
Main article: Dragon Ball (manga)
In late 1984, the first issue of Dragon Ball appeared in Weekly Shonen Jump, the same anthology magazine where Dr. Slump had previously been published. The series was then published weekly and on a very tight schedule (14 pages per week, plus title page) for nearly eleven years, ending in May 1995. In total, 519 regular chapters and one bonus chapter were published. Unlike American-style comic books, Dragon Ball was largely produced in black and white. Some small number of pages in a subset of issues were colorized for emphasis. During the run of the manga in Japan, it was reprinted in (an eventual total of 42) tankôbon (Japanese graphic novels). Unlike the original print run of the manga, the previously colorized pages were reprinted only in grayscale.
A year and a half into the story of Dragon Ball, Akira Toriyama included an extended (three issue) cameo by some of the characters and locations from his previous popular manga, Dr. Slump. This is perceived by many fans as tying the two fictional universes together, although the Slump characters never make any further appearances in the manga.
Dragon Ball animeEdit
Main article: Dragon Ball (anime)
Within a short time after the first publication of the manga, it had reached a level of popularity in Japan that convinced the people of Toei Animation to produce both an anime series and a feature film based on the characters. The anime series premiered in February 1986 on Fuji Television, running weekly and in prime time with new episodes every Wednesday night.
The anime series that was produced closely matched the manga that it was based on (as opposed to Sailor Moon, for example, which the manga and anime diverged significantly), but this had the major drawback that the anime would often catch up to the current point in the manga and the animators were left to create additional episodes and situations to allow them time for more source material to be written. Such material in the series (known by fans as filler) was often of a lower quality than the original manga and occasionally would directly contradict information that would be provided in the source material later. This is perhaps unsurprising due to the difficulty of producing 20 minutes of animation each week, with only 14 pages of manga to work from.
In December of 1986, the first theatrical film version of the anime was produced. Called simply "Dragon Ball" (in Japan, the movie's eventual English title is "Curse of the Blood Rubies"), it retold the events of the first several episodes of the anime series. That was followed by additional movies in July 1987 ("The Sleeping Princess in the Devil's Castle") and July 1988 ("Mystical Great Adventure"). (The first two films were directed by Daisuke Nishio, the third by Kazuhisa Takenouchi.)
Because of the popularity of the title in Japan, three video games (all for the Nintendo Family Computer) were produced. The first, released in 1986 as "The Mystery of Shenlong", was the only action game of the three. The other two (1988 and 1989) were card game / board game hybrids.
The anime series ended in April 1989 after 153 episodes (and Goku's marriage and transition to adulthood). Although the animated series ended, fans did not have to wait long for the continuation of the story. The sequel anime, Dragon Ball Z debuted the following week.
First U.S. ReleaseEdit
In the first years after the Dragon Ball manga and anime became successful in Japan, an initial attempt was made to export the show to an American audience. These initial attempts to gain a foothold in the large American market were unsuccessful and short lived.
In 1986, right as the Dragon Ball anime was kicking off in Japan, a Dragon Ball video game known as Dragon Ball: Shenron no Nazo in Japan was produced by Bandai for the Nintendo Entertainment System and exported to the U.S. Titled Dragon Power. It is a martial arts action game which loosely followed the plot of the first thirteen issues of the manga. Sales figures for the game are not available, but no further Dragon Ball video games were released in the U.S. for another seven years.
In 1989, a first attempt was made to release the Dragon Ball anime in the U.S. in the form of a limited number of episodes (and an edited form of the first and third movies) produced and dubbed by Harmony Gold USA. This dub was notable for renaming many characters, such as Goku being renamed "Zero." After being test marketed in several cities (with some resulting controversy over the subject matter of the early episodes-- something that would strike again in later attempts), it was withdrawn from the marketplace without a full season produced. Because it was never broadcast to the general public, it is referred to as the "Lost Dub" by fans.
Dragon Ball ZEdit
Main article: Dragon Ball Z
Picking up exactly where the previous series left off, Dragon Ball Z began airing in Japan a week after the Dragon Ball anime ended, and in the same timeslot. A new series name was chosen by the producers to differentiate the current series, with its reduced emphasis on comedy and its new science fiction themes, from the previous one -- even though both were still based on the same Dragon Ball manga. The new show also featured improved production values and animation quality. This transition point was attractive because not only did it follow a several year gap in the plot (one of several such gaps in the series), but it also featured revised origin stories for several lead characters and the introduction of several new characters. This made it a good jumping onpoint for new fans of the series.
Three months after the premier of the Z anime, in July 1989, the first Dragon Ball Z movie (entitled Return my Gohan in Japanese and Dragon Ball Z: Dead Zone in the U.S.) premiered in theaters. This was followed by two additional theatrical movies released per year (one in March and one in July) until 1995. In total, thirteen Dragon Ball Z movies were produced. In addition to the feature films, two movie-length television specials were also produced for the series. (These initially aired in 1990 and 1993.)
Like the original Dragon Ball anime, Dragon Ball Z suffered from the same manga-to-anime pacing problems which resulted in the excess of filler material in the previous anime. In some ways, the problem was more pronounced during the production of the "Z" series as the increased focus on action resulted in many issues of the manga devoted entirely to action sequences. These combat-oriented issues were more difficult to "stretch" into episodes than more diverse action and this resulted in pacing problems throughout some sections of the series.
In May 1995, the long running Dragon Ball manga finally ended its run in Shonen Jump. Without additional issues of the manga to translate onto the small screen, the Dragon Ball Z series ended in January 1996 after 291 episodes. Once again however, Japanese fans would not have to wait more than a week for the continuation of the story, in Dragon Ball GT.
During the production of Dragon Ball Z in Japan, popularity for the franchise was at its peak. Production of video games--first for the Nintendo Family Computer (Famicom), then later for Super Famicom, PlayStation, Game Boy, and Sega Saturn-- reached its peak during this period. Ironically, despite tremendous success in Japan and tons of marketable goods, the series had yet to take off in the U.S.
Second U.S. ReleaseEdit
Main article: Westwood Dub
Shortly after the release of Dragon Ball Z in Japan, momentum was building in the U.S. for a second attempt at releasing Dragon Ball to an American audience. In the fall of 1995, the first episodes of Dragon Ball were redubbed by BLT Productions for syndicated release on American television by FUNimation Productions through SeaGull Entertainment. Ultimately, the show only lasted for less than one season before being canceled in favor of jumping ahead to Dragon Ball Z (the latter series was believed to have greater merchandise potential). In total, only 13 episodes (of the production order of 26) and the first Dragon Ball feature film were produced. In 1996, Vidmark Entertainment purchased the home video distribution rights for these dubbed episodes and movie.
For the next four years years, Vidmark retained these rights to Dragon Ball in the U.S. In 2000, Vidmark was acquired by Lionsgate, making them the holder of the rights until 2009. This prevented FUNimation from releasing their in-house dub of the first 13 episodes to home video in the United States during this time, though it was released in other countries. They were also unable to release an in-house dub of the first DB movie until 2010.
After the two failed launches of the Dragon Ball anime in the States, FUNimation switched distribution companies to Saban Entertainment (at that time riding on the popularity of Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, another Japanese import) and began releasing Dragon Ball Z on American television in the fall of 1996, featuring voice actors of the Ocean Group. The intended audience of the series (young children) did not work well with the more violent and adult nature of the Z anime. This resulted in extensive editing of the series (cutting out the equivalent of 14 of the first 67 episodes-- almost 21%), including the complete removal of references to character death ("sent to another dimension"), blood, etc. To many fans of the series, these edits actually made the series worse as violence was always shown without consequence. Also, they made many changes to the original dialogue and also created many name changes to characters and techniques, though not nearly as different as Harmony Gold's dub.
In addition to the anime series, Saban also edited the third Dragon Ball Z movie (Dragon Ball Z: The Tree of Might in the U.S.) and released it as a three-part episode in the production run of the series. Two more movies (#1 and #2) were subsequently released by Pioneer Entertainment direct to video. The third movie was later re-released by Pioneer to home video, only this version, like the first two films, featured dialogue more close to the original script and was unedited.
In part due to an early timeslot in most markets (6:30 AM), Dragon Ball Z also failed to find its target audience and was cancelled in May 1998 after a two season run of 53 episodes, or the equivalent of 67 Japanese episodes. However, this was still the most successful import of the property to the U.S. at the time.
Dragon Ball GTEdit
Main article: Dragon Ball GT
Back in Japan, the third and final Dragon Ball series quickly followed the completion of Dragon Ball Z in February 1996. This new series, called Dragon Ball GT (for "Grand Tour"), was a complete departure from the previous two anime series. Unlike those series, GT was not based on the Dragon Ball manga by Akira Toriyama. Instead, it was completely new material.
From the beginning however, there were problems with the series. Dragon Ball fandom in Japan was waning. To help renew interest in the series and bring it back to its roots, a decision was made to return the series to the style of the original comedy "Dragon Ball" anime, rather than the more action-oriented Dragon Ball Z. This decision led to the reintroduction of several villains not present since the original series, a return to the "Dragon Ball quest"-style plot of that series, and even the mystical de-aging of Goku, back to roughly the age he was when the first series began. Unfortunately, this creative change did not improve ratings and the series focus was changed again after the completion of only sixteen episodes. The remaining episodes of the series returned to the more action-oriented style of the latter series. As a result of declining interest, the series had ended in November 1997 after only 64 episodes. There was no sequel the following week.
Dragon Ball GT was also less successful in its tie-ins than the previous series had been. Unlike the previous series, Dragon Ball GT did not spawn any theatrical films on its own. In March 1996, just one month after the introduction of the series, the Dragon Ball 10th Anniversary Special (called Dragon Ball: The Path to Power in the U.S.) was released. Although produced in the artistic style of Dragon Ball GT, the plot was a modified retelling of the very beginning of the original Dragon Ball anime. This was the last Dragon Ball animated movie to be released to date. Other than that film, the final series was limited to a single television special, released in March 1997. In other product areas, such as video games and merchandise, Dragon Ball GT was also less successful than its predecessors.
Third U.S. ReleaseEdit
Main article: FUNimation Dub
In August 1998, after its modest success in syndication, FUNimation's Ocean Group dub of Dragon Ball Z began airing on Cartoon Network's weekday afternoon action block Toonami. The block gave the series new life and, combined with the DiC Sailor Moon dub, exposed the series to a much wider audience. With new success, FUNimation went forward in continuing the dub on their own instead of alongside the backing of a company such as Saban. The third season appeared on home video in 1999 and then on Cartoon Network soon after, featuring less editing restrictions than the previous dub, FUNimations own in-house voice cast, and a new musical score. Dragon Ball Z was now in full production in the U.S. and continued to the end of series in 2003. Still, it kept the name changes of characters and techniques that the previous dub had created. While still disliked from fans of the original Japanese version, FUNimation's in-house dub was a huge success and received the most popularity of all releases in the U.S.
The success of Dragon Ball Z on Cartoon Network allowed FUNimation to go back and do a new dub of Dragon Ball as well, starting from the beginning and airing on the Toonami block as well. However, there were marked changes in the dubbing between this and its sequel series, most pronounced is the usage of the original Japanese music as opposed to new compositions for the dub. FUNimation also released Dragon Ball to DVD, but with a slight snag: since Lionsgate remained the distributor of the earlier DB dub, they could not release the first 13 episodes of the new dub until their license expired in 2009. The two remaining DB movies were also dubbed at this time, along with the ten remaining DBZ movies, the two DBZ TV specials, and the tenth anniversary movie.
By 2003, with the completion of Dragon Ball Z, FUNimation began dubbing Dragon Ball GT, which would be released on both Cartoon Network and DVD. However, they were afraid they would experience the same drop off as Japan by starting with the lighter episodes at the beginning. In a controversial decision, FUNimation decided to start from the first action-intensive arc, connected with the first major villain of the series. Furthermore, a special episode was created for the beginning of this series that would fill in the material prior to the start of this arc (such as how Goku became a child again and went into space). Similarly, DBGT would feature a new musical composer, pushing music with a harder sound and even creating a hip-hop-style opening. Eventually after the completion of the series, the earlier episodes prior to the starting point were released and aired as "The Lost Episodes."
In August 2004, Geneon Universal Entertainemnt (formerly Pioneer) lost its licensing rights to the old Ocean dubbed episodes and movies of Dragon Ball Z, allowing FUNimation to re-dub the first 53 dubbed episodes with their in-house voice cast and also restore them to the original 67 count. These re-dubbed episodes were broadcasted on Cartoon Network during the summer of 2005, but were notably shown in prime time (10:30 PM) and in their completely unedited form. The first three DBZ movies were also re-dubbed by FUNimation's in-house voice cast and re-released together in a DVD box set titled "Dragon Ball Z: The First Strike."
Main article: Neko Majin
Originally a one-shot bearing little relation to Akira Toriyama's other series, the first chapter of Neko Majin appeared in Weekly Shonen Jump in April 1999 (WJ #22-23). Though there were some similarities, it didn't become a self-parody of the Dragon Ball manga until the "Neko Majin Z" chapters, which had cameos of characters from the author's magnum opus. As of 2005, the series was completed with eight total chapters (five of which are Dragon Ball parodies). These chapters were compiled into a "kanzenban"-style package for release in Japan on April 4th 2005.
Kochikame 30th anniversaryEdit
On the 30th anniversary of Kochikame's serialization in September, 2006, Ryo-san made a cameo in every serialized manga currently in Weekly Jump; most notably, he had a full appearance as a marine in One Piece (chapter 428) and drinking alongside Don Patch in Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo. At the same time, a special manga was published featuring the Kochikame characters in special chapters of series such as Golgo 13, Lupin III, Kinnikuman and Dragon Ball, as well as congratulatory pics from over 80 mangaka, many from Weekly Jump authors past and present, but also from other Shueisha mangaka and even from manga artists not associated with Shueisha such as Hiromu Arakawa (Fullmetal Alchemist) and Jyoji "George" Morikawa (Hajime no Ippo).
Cross Epoch is a Japanese manga by Akira Toriyama and Eiichiro Oda. It's a crossover between Dragon Ball and One Piece.
Released on December 25th, 2006 in the Weekly Shōnen Jump.
It was released in English in the North American Shonen Jump issue #100 (April 2011).
Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!!Edit
Main article: Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!!
Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! is a 35-minute animated short film that premiered in Japan at the Jump Super Anime Tour on September 21, 2008. It was the first animated Dragon Ball feature in twelve years, following the tenth anniversary film The Path to Power. It also featured the first Dragon Ball animations in nearly a decade, following a short story arc in the remade Dr. Slump anime series crossing over Goku and the Red Ribbon Army in 1999.
Dragon Ball KaiEdit
Main article: Dragon Ball Z Kai
Dragon Ball Kai is an HD Remastered anime, produced by Toei Animation as part of the 20th Anniversary of Dragon Ball Z in Japan. It premiered on Fuji TV on April 5th, 2009. The series is being extensively "refreshed" for Japanese TV. It is not a new series per se, but rather a revised, faster-paced version of Dragon Ball Z that cuts out most of the filler material not featured in the original manga. Part of this is reformatting and extending the picture to 16:9 Widescreen. Through digital processing, the image is made vibrant. All the grime, damage and noise remaining on the "Z" film is removed, making the image much clearer in HD. Dragon Ball Kai includes a complete re-recording of the dialogue by most of the original Japanese voice cast, as well as a new sound design with updated sound effects. The opening and ending themes are completely new and feature updated animation. The "Kai" in the series' title means "revised," "updated," "modified," or "altered".
FUNimation Entertainment licenesed the series for an English-language release in February 2010, under the title "Dragon Ball Z Kai". The series began airing in the U.S. in May 2010 on the Nicktoons network, in contrast to the previous three Dragon Ball series airing on Cartoon Network. The majority of FUNimation's in-house voice actor returned for Dragon Ball Z Kai, though several characters' voices were re-casted. The series will be edited on Nicktoons to fit the expected audience, and occasionally contain different verbiage than the home video release, which is entirely unedited. Some special techniques regain their correct and untranslated-proper-noun announcements in the unedited dub, while most of the character names that have always been engraved in the English dub remain the same. Dialogue is treated with much more respect than ever before for an English dub of a Dragon Ball product, and episode titles are mostly faithful translations of their original Japanese versions. In addition to Nicktoons, Dragon Ball Z Kai also aired on The CW's new "Toonzai" programing block, starting in August 2010. The Toonzai version of Dragon Ball Z Kai is edited further than the Nicktoons version, and even more so then when the Ocean dub of the original Dragon Ball Z was airing in syndication.
Dragon Ball canonEdit
The term canon, with respect to works of fiction, refers to the overall set of story lines, premises, settings, and characters offered by the source media text. Secondly, it is used as a descriptor of specific incidents, relationships, or story arcs that take place within the overall canon. Thus, all officially released Dragon Ball media falls within the definition of the term canon. Despite the literal meaning, certain fans maintain their own unique definitions of canon, sometimes excluding games, movies, and/or the anime series (Dragon Ball GT in particular, of the anime series).
In the universe of Dragon Ball, the highest level of canon is the manga Dragon Ball. Published in Weekly Shonen Jump in Japan, the comic was both written and drawn by Akira Toriyama. As such, it represents the ultimate and correct vision of his world as it was presented to his readers. Fortunately, the manga itself is relatively free from direct contradictions, though there are certainly some topics open for debate.
Although Viz Communications is thought to do a good job translating the manga into English by fans, the final and authoritative source is the original Japanese comic.
In the 2002-04 rerelease of the Dragon Ball manga (called the Kanzenban, or "complete edition"), Akira Toriyama rewrote the final four pages of the series. However, this change has no impact on the storyline (Goku gives his Flying Nimbus to Uub at the conclusion of the series, rather than carrying the boy on his back to fly).
The only change significant to the story in the re-release is that the date of the Cell Games is changed to the 26th of May, from the 17th of "M." This was done to remove a noticeable contradiction in the series, specifically that if the Androids arrived on May 12th and at least 10 days elapsed between then and the start of the Cell Games, a date of May 17th for the latter event would be impossible. (Alternative theories, such as the month after May in the Dragon Ball universe starting with the letter "M", now appear to hold no weight.)
Prior to writing Dragon Ball, Akira Toriyama wrote a separate weekly humor manga for Shonen Jump called Dr. Slump. It featured the adventures of Senbei Norimaki, an inept inventor, and his android daughter Arale in Penguin Village. During the Red Ribbon Army Saga, Goku and General Blue wind up in Penguin Village and are assisted by characters from the previous series. Dr. Slump itself is not meant to be taken seriously, as it contains references to the real world, as well as generally "implausible" events such as the earth being cut in half (in a comedic fashion). While the characters in Dr. Slump exist as cameos in the Dragon Ball universe, it is debatable at best whether the Dragon Ball universe is truly compatible with the world portrayed in Dr. Slump.
Neko Majin ZEdit
Long after finishing up with Dragon Ball, Akira Toriyama has written a short series of one-shot comics that parody Dragon Ball. Called Neko Majin, it features several characters from or inspired by Dragon Ball. (For example: the Saiyan Onio and his wife, Frieza's son Kuriza, Z's rival Usagi Majin and even appearances by Vegeta, Majin Buu, and Goku and his family.) Kuriza has been in some Dragon Ball Z video games.
Kochikame 30th anniversary mangaEdit
For the 30th anniversary of kochikame the longest running manga to date, a special manga was made. The manga was a crossover between various different mangas and kochikame characters. Ryo-san, having been reassigned to Planet Namek, runs across Frieza and tries to arrest him for parking his UFO illegally. Vegeta and Goku make appearances as well. It was co-written by Akira Toriyama and had appearances by Goku, Vegeta, Frieza, and took place on Namek.
Cross Epoch is a Japanese manga by Akira Toriyama and Eiichiro Oda. It is a crossover between "Dragon Ball" and "One Piece". It was released on December 25th, 2006 in the Weekly Shōnen Jump. It features alternate versions of Dragon Ball characters and is a crossover manga.
Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, and Dragon Ball GTEdit
The second highest level of canon in Dragon Ball is the three-part anime series. Episodes often include filler, which is material that was not in the manga. This is due largely to the manga and the anime being produced in parallel; it was often necessary for the anime to add filler material to keep from getting ahead of the manga. These extended sequences often add detail to the back story. The original Japanese version is considered by some to be a more authoritative source than other dubs due to occasional translation errors.
Dragon Ball GT was an original sequel series to Dragon Ball Z, based on the manga by Akira Toriyama. Toriyama did contribute material, such as the plot overview, character designs, and objects. The author himself has had no problems with the series, and has publicly stated on a number of occasions that he liked it and considers it something of a "sidestory." This view is shared (though usually with far less goodwill toward the series) among many fans.
There are two Dragon Ball Z television specials, which aired as special double-length episodes during the normal course of the series. The Dragon Ball Z television specials are noteworthy in that their content (for the most part) does not contradict the manga. The Bardock special contradicts the manga only in that Goku appears happy (rather than violent and bloodthirsty) at the end, and Bardock himself later appeared in a two-panel stint in the manga. The Trunks special was actually based on a special chapter of the manga, though it presents an alternate version of certain events in that chapter (namely, it alters when Trunks was able to achieve Super Saiyan, for dramatic effect).
There is one Dragon Ball GT television special, which is grouped with that series in terms of canon level.
Garlic Jr. SagaEdit
The Garlic Jr. Saga is an interesting exception to most of the filler used in the anime and its level of canon is disputed. Like much of the other filler, it does not include situations described in the original manga. However, it is a direct sequel to events from the first Dragon Ball Z movie "Return My Gohan!" (dub: Dragon Ball Z: Dead Zone). It details a second attempt by Garlic Jr. to take over the world and also features other elements which are more difficult to rationalize in the anime such as the appearance of Gohan's pet dragon, Icarus, from the movie The Tree of Might.
Because it does not have the level of contradictions found in other movies, some fans consider both the Garlic Jr. Saga and Dead Zone to have "happened" within the anime canon. This remains, however, a controversial topic. Dead Zone is considered to take place shortly before the start of Dragon Ball Z, but two problems arise when fitting it into the flow of the series: given that the Dragon Balls are used in the film, Goku is alive, and Gohan is still very young, it must happen at least a full year before Goku is revived (and thus before the start of the series); on the other hand, Gohan is known to the characters in the movie, where he was unknown to them in the series itself.
Main article: List of Dragon Ball Films
Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z each had a number of movies made, generally two each year (one each for the spring and summer recesses from school). While it is possible to relate the movies to a relative time period within the series itself, they often contradict, make impossible, or completely replace the normal flow of the series. Several movies have relatively few such conflicts, but none are completely free of them except 9. The movies are generally considered to be "sidestories" or "what if?" situations based on (or in a parallel universe to) the series, but not part of the series itself.
The OVA Plan to Eradicate the Saiyans is generally considered lower than the movies on the canon scale, though it is noteworthy in that its villain, Dr. Raichi, was more or less rehashed into Dr. Myuu for Dragon Ball GT. It should be noted that this OVA was originally released as an official visual guide for the NES game Dragon Ball Z Gaiden: Saiyajin Zetsumetsu Keikaku. Later, a two-part 'digital comic' game series (composed of various parts of the OVA turned into interactive cutscenes) was released for the Playdia. A remade version of the OVA is also featured on Dragon Ball: Raging Blast 2.
Main article: List of Dragon Ball video games
Lower than the movies and OVA's in terms of canonocity is the world of video games, followed by that of the collectible card games. These games often contain what-if stories. The Dragon Ball video game franchise also holds the fighting games with the most playable characters, Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 3 on console and Dragon Ball Heroes on arcade.
Main article: Daizenshuu
These "Perfect File" books are reference guides to the series and often contain character and attack names and other clarifiations which are not present in the manga or anime themselves. There are no current plans to release these books in the US and they are out of print even in Japan.
Many fans, however, question how canon the books actually are, since they were not written by Akira Toriyama. The Power Levels given in the books are often disregarded by some fans who find inconsistencies in them. One notable example is that Nappa's power level is stated to be 4,000 in the books, though this is never given in the manga along with assortment of other readings given. Both the manga and Daizenshuu state Goku's power level during the fight to be 8,000 which means he was twice Nappa's power level suggesting he should have had an easy time defeating him without using the Kaio-ken. This is not true, as after Nappa powered up, he managed to trade blows with Goku, and after deflecting Nappa's strongest attack, Goku comments that the fight could take forever without the use of the Kaio-ken, contradicting the stated information in the daizenshuu.
Real World TimelineEdit
- February: Dr. Slump begins in Shonen Jump.
- Dragon Boy and Adventures of Tongpoo appear in Fresh Jump.
- September: Dr. Slump ends in Japan.
- December: Dragon Ball manga begins in Shonen Jump.
- Dragon Ball manga tankubon publication begins.
- February: Dragon Ball anime begins airing on Fuji TV.
- November: "Dragon Ball: Mystery of Shenlong" video game for NES is released in Japan.
- December: DB Movie #1 premieres in Japan.
- July: DB Movie #2 premieres in Japan.
- July: DB Movie #3 premieres in Japan.
- August: Famicom "Resurrection of the Demon King" is released in Japan.
- April: Dragon Ball anime ends its run in Japan; Dragon Ball Z begins airing on Fuji TV.
- July: DBZ Movie #1 premieres in Japan.
- October: Famicom "Story of Goku" is released in Japan.
- Dragon Ball anime's first English dub by Harmony Gold USA arrives in the U.S, but is cancelled soon after.
- March: DBZ Movie #2 premieres in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #3 premieres in Japan.
- October: DBZ TV Special #1 airs on Fuji TV; Famicom "Dragon Ball Z: Kyōshū! Saiyan" is released in Japan.
- March: DBZ Movie #4 premieres in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #5 premieres in Japan.
- August: Famicom "Battle Against Freeza" is released in Japan.
- January: Super Famicom "Legend of the Super Saiyan" is released in Japan.
- March: DBZ Movie #6 premieres in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #7 premieres in Japan.
- August: Famicom "Battle Against the Androids" and "Plan to Eradicate the Saiyans" are released in Japan.
- December: "Dragon Ball Z: Barcode Battler" is released in Japan.
- February: DBZ TV Special #2 airs on Fuji TV.
- March: DBZ Movie #8 premieres in Japan; Super Famicom "Super Butōden" is released in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #9 premieres in Japan.
- December: Super Famicom "Super Butōden 2" is released in Japan.
- March: DBZ Movie #10 premieres in Japan.
- April: Mega Drive "Buyū Retsuden" is released in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #11 premieres in Japan.
- September: Super Famicom "Super Butōden 3" and Playdia "The Plan to Destroy the Saiyans Part 1" are released in Japan.
- November: Turbo Duo "Legend of Son Goku" and Game Boy "Goku Hishōden" are released in Japan.
- December: Playdia "The Plan to Destroy the Saiyans Part 2" is released in Japan.
- FUNimation Productions is founded by Gen Fukunaga.
- FUNimation acquires the rights for an English-language release of Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z in the U.S.
- March: DBZ Movie #12 premieres in Japan; Super Famicom "Super Gokuden 1" is released in Japan.
- May: Dragon Ball manga ends in Japan.
- July: DBZ Movie #13 premieres in Japan; PlayStation "Dragon Ball Z: Ultimate Battle 22" is released in Japan.
- August: Game Boy "Goku Gekitōden" is released in Japan; Dragon Ball manga tankoubon releases final volume in Japan.
- September: Super Famicom "Super Gokuden 2" is released in Japan. FUNimation's first dub of Dragon Ball begins airing in U.S. syndication, but is cancelled after thirteen episodes.
- November: Saturn "Shin Butōden" is released in Japan.
- January: Dragon Ball Z ends its run in Japan.
- February: Dragon Ball GT begins airing on Fuji TV.
- March: Dragon Ball 10th Anniversary Movie premieres in Japan; Super Famicom "Dragon Ball Z: Hyper Dimension" is released in Japan.
- May: PlayStation / Saturn "Dragon Ball Z: The Legend" is released in Japan.
- September: FUNimation's Ocean Group dub of Dragon Ball Z begins airing in U.S. syndication; DB Movie #1 is released to VHS in the U.S.
- March: DBGT TV Special airs on Fuji TV.
- August: PlayStation "Dragon Ball GT: Final Bout" is released in Japan.
- October: "Dragon Ball GT: Final Bout" is released for the PlayStation in the U.S. (first DBZ video game to be released in the U.S.)
- November: Dragon Ball GT ends its run in Japan.
- December: DBZ Movie #1 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- March: DBZ Movie #3 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- May: DBZ Movie #2 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S; FUNimation's Ocean dub of DBZ is cancelled after two seasons in U.S. syndication.
- August: DBZ arrives on Cartoon Network's Toonami block.
- April: DB Movie #2 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- September: FUNimation's in-house dub of Dragon Ball Z begins airing on Cartoon Network.
- December: DBZ TV Special #2 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- January: DBZ TV Special #1 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- February: DB Movie #3 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- August: DBZ Movie #4 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S; FUNimation's in-house dub of Dragon Ball begins airing on Cartoon Network.
- January: DBZ Movie #5 is released in the U.S.
- May: "Dragon Ball Z: The Legacy of Goku," is released for the Game Boy Advance in the U.S. (first DBZ video game to be produced in the U.S.)
- August: DBZ Movie #6 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- December: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- February: DBZ Movie #7 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- March: Viz Media begins releasing the Dragon Ball manga into English in the U.S.
- April: FUNimation's in-house dub of DBZ ends its run in the U.S; Dragon Ball 10th Anniversary Movie is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- June: "Dragon Ball Z: The Legacy of Goku II" is released for the Game Boy Advance in the U.S.
- August: DBZ Movie #8 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- October: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai" is released for the Gamecube in the U.S.
- November: Dragon Ball GT begins its first U.S. broadcast on Cartoon Network; "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai 2" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- December: FUNimation's in-house dub of Dragon Ball ends its run in the U.S.
- August: DBZ Movie #9 is released to VHS/DVD in the U.S.
- September: "Dragon Ball Z: Buu's Fury" is released for the Game Boy Advance in the U.S.
- November: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai 3" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- December: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai 2" is released for the Gamecube in the U.S.
- February: DBGT Dragon Box is released to DVD in Japan.
- March: "Dragon Ball Z: Sagas" is released for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, and GameCube in the US.
- April: Dragon Ball GT ends its run in the U.S; DBZ Movie #10 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- May: DBZ Movie #1 is re-released to DVD in the U.S.
- June – September: FUNimation's re-dub of the first two DBZ seasons airs on Cartoon Network.
- September: DBZ Movie #11 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- November: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- March: DBZ Movie #12 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- June: Final Dragon Ball manga volume is released in the U.S.
- September: DBZ Movie #13 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- October: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 2" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- November: DBZ movies 2 and 3 are re-released to DVD in the U.S; "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 2" is released for the Wii in the U.S.
- February: Remastered Dragon Ball Z Season 1 Box Set is released to DVD in the U.S.
- March: Announcement of a DRAGONBALL MMORPG, "Dragon Ball Online."
- May: Dragon Ball Z Season 2 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- September: Dragon Ball Z Season 3 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- November: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 3" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- December: "Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi 3" is released for the Wii in the U.S.
- February: DBZ Season 4 and remastered DBZ TV specials 1 and 2 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.; NTL expressed interest in releasing Dragon Ball Online to a worldwide audience.
- May: DBZ Season 5 and remastered DBZ movies 1 and 2 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.
- June: "Dragon Ball Z: Burst Limit" is released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 in the U.S.
- September: DBZ Season 6 and remastered DBZ movies 3 and 4 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S; "Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!!" premieres in Japan.
- November: DBZ Season 7, and remastered DBZ movies 5 and 6 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S; "Dragon Ball Z: Infinite World" is released for the PlayStation 2 in the U.S.
- December: Remastered Dragon Ball GT Season 1 Box Set is released to DVD in the U.S.
- February: DBZ Season 8, DBGT Season 2, and remastered DBZ movies 7 and 9 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.
- March: Remastered DBZ movies 8, 10, and 11 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.
- April: "Dragon Ball Kai" begins airing on Fuji TV; "Dragonball Evolution" is released in theaters (live-action film); Closed beta testing began for Dragon Ball Online in South Korea.
- May: DBZ Season 9 and remastered DBZ movies 12 and 13 are released to DVD/BluRay in U.S.
- September: Remastered Dragon Ball Season 1 Box Set is released to DVD in the U.S.
- October: "Dragon Ball: Revenge of King Piccolo" is released for the Wii in the U.S.
- November: Dragon Ball Z: Dragon Box 1 and Dragon Ball Season 2 are released to DVD in the U.S; "Dragon Ball: Raging Blast" is released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 in the U.S.
- February: FUNimation acquires the rights to dub Dragon Ball Kai, under the name "Dragon Ball Z Kai"; DBZ Dragon Box 2 and Dragon Ball Season 3 are released to DVD in the U.S.; Dragon Ball Online is released in Korea.
- March-April: Dragon Ball Kai: Super Battle Stage is played at the Three Great Hero Super Battle Stage event from March 27, 2010 to April 23, 2010.
- May: DBZ Dragon Box 3 and Dragon Ball Season 4 are released to DVD in the U.S; Dragon Ball Z Kai begins airing on Nicktoons and its first DVD/BluRay set is released in the U.S.
- July: Dragon Ball Season 5 is released to DVD in the U.S.
- August: DBZ Kai arrives on The CW's Toonzai block.
- September: DBZ Kai Part 2, DBZ Dragon Box 4, and "Dragon Ball GT: The Complete Series" are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.
- October: "Dragon Ball Z: Tenkaichi Tag Team" is released for the PlayStation Portable in the U.S.
- November: "Dragon Ball: Raging Blast 2" is released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 in the U.S.
- December: DBZ Kai Part 3 and remastered DB Movie #1 are released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.; The first chapter of "Dragon Ball SD" is published in Saikyô Jump.
- January Dragon Ball Online is announced for Taiwan.
- February: Dragon Ball Kai: Ultimate Butōden is released for the Nintendo DS in Japan; Dragon Ball: Zenkai Battle Royale is released for Arcades in Japan; Dragon Ball: 4-Movie Pack to be released on DVD in the U.S.; Dragon Ball: Zenkai Battle Royale is released as arcade game for Japan.
- March: DBZ Kai Part 4 is released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S.; Dragon Ball Kai ends its run on Fuji TV.
- April: DBZ Dragon Box 4 and DBZ Dragon Box 5 released to DVD in the U.S. Cross Epoch released in English as part of issue 100 of English Shonen Jump. The second chapter of "Dragon Ball SD" is published in Saikyô Jump.
- May: The closed beta testing for Dragon Ball Online in Taiwan began on May 12th, and ended on May 16th.
- June: DBZ Kai Part 5 is released to DVD/BluRay in the U.S. The first chapter of Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock is published in V-Jump.
- July: DBZ Dragon Box 6 is released to DVD in the U.S. The second chapter of "Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock" is published in V-Jump.
- August: The final chapter of "Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock" is published in V-Jump.
- September: DBZ Kai Part 6 is released to DVD/Blu-Ray in the US.
- October: DBZ Dragon Box 7 is released to DVD in the US; Dragon Ball Z: Ultimate Tenkaichi is released for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 in the US and EU.
- November: Dragon Ball SSSS is launched by Bandai in conjunction with V-Jump and Saikyo Jump; Dragon Ball Z Movie Collection One released on DVD in the U.S.
- December: Dragon Ball Z: Ultimate Tenkaichi is released for the Xbox 360 and Playstation 3 in Japan; Dragon Ball Z Movie Collection Two released on DVD in the U.S.; Dragon Ball Z Level 1.1 which includes the first 17 DBZ episodes on two discs) is released to Blu-Ray in the U.S.; the anime adaptation of Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock aired at Jump Festa 2012 and the streamed version was only available online until December 28th, 2011.
- January: Dragon Ball Z Kai ends its run on Nicktoons. Dragon Ball Z Movie Collection Three released on DVD in the U.S.